|The stage or stages of labour when there are strong, regular contractions and the cervix is opening or open. (Not to be confused with active birth).
|A birth using upright positions, movement and/or regular position changes. Active birth has been shown to reduce the need for interventions.
|A doctor who specialises in providing pain relief during labour
|The passageway that your baby travels through during birth (vagina and cervix).
|Document to describe your preferences for what happens during labour and birth.
|An operation to deliver your baby through a cut in your tummy and womb. Also known as c-section or caesarean section.
|Cardiotocography or CTG
|A way of measuring and displaying heart rate changes over time to indicate the wellbeing of an unborn baby. When used in labour, CTG is used to continuously monitor a baby's heart rate (see also Intermittent Auscultation).
|The thicker, golden breastmilk which is produced in the first days following a birth which contains high levels of protective antibodies.
|An injection in your back carried out to block the pain from your lower body.
|Intermittent Auscultation or IA
|A technique for monitoring the wellbeing of an unborn baby during labour where the care provider listens to the baby's heart rate for one minute at set intervals.
|The process your body goes through to birth your baby which includes having muscle contractions of your womb.
|Your baby’s first black, tarry poo.
|A nurse who is trained to care for premature babies or those who are unwell when they’re born.
|A doctor who specialises in the health of newborn babies.
|Often referred to as a Labour Ward or Delivery Suite, an obstetric unit is a birth setting within a hospital staffed by both doctors and midwives.
|A doctor who is a specialist in any complications of pregnancy and birth.
|A doctor who specialises in the health of children and babies.
|Post-partum or postnatal period
|First six weeks after childbirth.
|A suction-cup applied to the baby's head used in some cases to assist with a birth.